Amazing Home Remedies for Dehydration
On hot summer days, especially with prolonged exposure to the scorching sun, in addition to the risk of sun and heat stroke, sunburn and other unpleasant conditions of the body, dehydration can also occur.
In today’s article, we will talk about dehydration: signs, causes and methods of preventing dehydration, because correct actions in certain situations can save more than one human life. So…
Dehydration (dehydration) is a pathological condition of the body caused by a decrease in its amount of water below the physiological norm necessary for the normal functioning of all human organs.
The human body is on average 60% water. Digestion is based on water, water lubricates the joints, helps remove waste waste products, and is required for breathing, because the lungs need constant hydration in order to saturate the blood with oxygen and release it from excess carbon dioxide.
Without water, a person can last from 3 to 10 days, which depends on the ambient temperature, physical activity and psychological state of a person.
Dehydration is deadly in both hot and cold weather.
A sharp loss of a large amount of liquid by the body, or its presence in a small amount sharply increases the feeling of thirst, but if you start to drink water excessively, this can lead to sharp swelling and even death.
Dehydration is very dangerous for children, the elderly, and especially for newborn babies. Closely monitor the symptoms, and as soon as this group of people develops a disease that causes fever, nausea or diarrhea, consult your doctor immediately!
Types and degrees of dehydration
– mild dehydration (loss of 5-6% or 1-2 l of water);
– average (loss of 6-10% or 2-4 l);
– severe (loss of 10% or more than 4 l);
– acute (loss of more than 10 liters of water) – this degree of dehydration is life threatening.
Types of dehydration:
– isotonic (normal saline blood composition);
– hypertonic (increased concentration of blood salts);
– hypotonic (reduced concentration of blood salts).
Causes of dehydration
– diarrhea and vomiting (for example, caused by food poisoning);
– increased sweating (may be associated with hot weather, increased physical activity or intense training);
– sun or heat stroke;
– frequent urination;
– drinking large amounts of alcohol (a headache in the morning is a sign of dehydration);
Important! Loss of 20-25% of water is fatal.
The first signs of dehydration:
– dry mouth and viscous saliva;
– dark urine with a pungent odor, rarely and in small quantities;
– weakness, apathy, irritation;
– increased body temperature;
– nausea, vomiting;
Symptoms of dehydration (from mild to severe to increasing):
– intense thirst;
– general malaise;
– lack of appetite;
– redness of the skin;
– the appearance of dark circles under the eyes;
– increased heart rate;
– increase in body temperature;
– nausea, vomiting;
– shortness of breath;
– tingling in the limbs;
– a decrease in blood volume and an increase in its viscosity;
– lack of salivation and dry eyes;
– illegible speech;
– loss of ability to move;
– muscle cramps;
– swelling of the tongue;
– inability to swallow;
– dullness of hearing and vision;
– involuntary urination;
– body cooling.
Complications of dehydration
– damage to the kidneys;
– shock (pallor, rapid breathing, cold sweat, clammy skin, rapid pulse, weak pulse, loss of consciousness);
– dehydration can be fatal, especially in infectious diseases and in weakened ones.
The consequences of dehydration
If dehydration of the body at the initial stages is not prevented in time, and the state progresses, this leads to a decrease in the volume of intracellular fluid, which in turn leads to the beginning of irreversible processes.
The consequences of dehydration can occur in the form of:
– violations of food processing and transportation of vital substances;
– increase in blood pressure;
– weakening of the immune system, and as a result, the development of various diseases;
– premature aging.
Dehydration treatment is an early restoration of the body’s water balance.
With severe dehydration, the fluid is so small that the blood circulation is disturbed, and all vital organs for the body’s vital activity begin to “starve”. Treatment of severe dehydration is carried out only in stationary conditions, so be sure to call an ambulance for its symptoms.
Medium to severe treatment includes intravenous fluids and inpatient treatment.
Treatment of mild to moderate dehydration is focused on restoring the lost volume of fluid and blood and in most cases, depending on the accompanying symptoms, is allowed at home.
Treatment of mild to moderate dehydration
1. Provide the victim with complete rest. Lay the patient on a flat surface, and if possible, place him in a cool and humid room with good air circulation.
2. Let the victim drink plenty of fluids. To do this, it is recommended to use:
– ordinary water;
– drinks containing carbohydrate / electrolyte / sodium / potassium (mineral water);
– frozen juices and ice chips;
– drinks containing glucose.
Drink the liquid slowly and in small portions. You can use a tube for this.
3. To accelerate the recovery of lost intracellular and intercellular fluid, as well as restore the water-salt balance of the body, you can give the patient special (rehydration) drugs: Regidron, Gastrolit, Orasan.
Rehydrating solution at home, recipe: 1 teaspoon of sugar, 1 cup of orange juice and ¾ teaspoon of salt. Drink in small sips 3 times a day.
3. If dehydration occurs as a result of overheating, it is necessary to direct efforts to normalize body temperature, for this:
– Put the person in a well-ventilated and cool room, if possible, direct a fan at him;
– remove all excess clothing from the patient, loosen the rest;
– attach wet cool cloth to your forehead, and if possible, wrap the entire person with a similar cloth, or let him take a shower;
– periodically, a person can be sprayed with cool water;
For actions aimed at normalizing body temperature, look to prevent a person from getting too cold, otherwise the blood vessels will narrow and health recovery will be delayed, in addition, hypothermia can cause other diseases.
Urgently to the doctor if:
1. Dehydration occurred in an infant, a child under 10 years old or an elderly person;
2. There is dehydration in severe or acute forms:
– diarrhea for more than 2 days;
– severe headaches and dizziness, loss of consciousness;
– severe nausea and vomiting within 12 hours;
– urination is absent for 12 hours;
– the temperature rose more than 39 ° C;
– inhibition and difficulty in breathing are observed;
– severe abdominal pain;
– epileptic seizures, etc.
Dehydration is much easier to prevent than to treat later.
For the prevention of dehydration:
– drink at least 2-3 liters of clean water (not including other drinks) throughout the day, regardless of the weather and the level of your activity;
– Drink plenty of water especially with fever, nausea and diarrhea;
– Active children on a walk on a hot day need to drink at least 150 g of water every 30 minutes;
– Adults in hot weather during exercise must drink at least 1 liter of water per hour;
– make it a habit to always have a bottle of plain water with you and drink it throughout the day.